I think I have my problem figured out, but want to check with wiser heads than mine about what I am doing. I have been feeding grass hay with a bit (and I do mean a bit) of third cutting alfalfa to all of the milking cows and steer. A bit comes out to about a flake of small baled alfalfa to each animal. I let them eat in the manger for a couple of hours and then lock them out until the evening feeding and repeat the process. Milking cows are just the range moms... not dairy. This morning, I let them eat all of the hay they wanted, for as long as they wanted to eat, because I was getting ready to turn them onto the grass pasture. This is not irrigated grass.... just rangeland. I figure there is about a week's worth of grass out there before I lock them back up in the sacrifice lot for a couple of weeks.... sort of rotational grazing. I took a good look at them as they left the lot, and their bellies were pretty full.... no ribs showing which means to me ... they have to lose some more weight. The range section gives them a lot of exercise just getting out to eat and coming back up for water. What do you think? Will the mamas start losing weight???? I plan on breeding back over the course of the next month and maybe into July.... what more can I do? I don't intend to give them anything extra from the mangers through out this week... will save that regime for when they are in the lot area.