> if you have ridges, use this, and
> i dont know what it is called in
> english so i will describe it at
> my best.
> i think it's called a cultivator.
> (framework with round hooks
> ranging from 30 to 90cm) use the
> one with only 30cm if you want to
> loose the ridges (drive against
> them, not with them) and loosen up
> the soil enough to get rid of the
> hard layers caused by tractors
> driving over it the previous crop.
> if the soil hasn't been seriously
> tilled for more then ten years,
> use pinnes of at least 65 cm to
> loose all hard layers.
> the way to check where the layers
> are, is by manualy driving a metal
> pin into the ground, and if you
> get too much resistance, you have
> a winner. You're right Mike, its called a field cultivator. But it will only work the soil 2-4" (5-10cm)but would be fine for the ridges. If there is hard pan something that works deeper would be needed such as a ripper which could go as deep as 20" (50cm).