MAD COW OUTBREAK MONGOLIA 2 NEW CASES AND 15 cases of mad cow disease were reported in Must soum of Khovd Province

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Feb 27, 2006
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seems these cases reported as mad cow disease were rabies...see;

now reports are saying no mad cows, but rabies...terry

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (43): Asia (Mongolia) bovine
Posted on 8/11/2018 01:43:00 PM by Pranab Chatterjee
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
Date: Wed 8 Aug 2018
Source: Government of Mongolia website, Ministry of Food, Agriculture
and Light Industry [in Mongolian, machine transl., summ., edited]

On 2 Aug 2018, 2 cases of rabies in cattle were recorded in Orkhon
soum (administrative subdivision) in the northern Darkhan-Uul aimag
(province). Samples from the sick animals were submitted to the
aimag's Veterinary Hygiene Center laboratory, where rabies was
confirmed on 6 Aug 2018.

The Orkhon Soum Emergency Commission was convened to establish a
restrictive regime, in prescribed areas, under the auspices of the
Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Mr Gankhuu, deputy director of the
provincial police office, said that the animals were killed and
disinfected. He warns herders to make sure they refrain from
approaching potential rabid animals, such as dogs, wolves, [red]
foxes, and corsac foxes.

The Aimag Professional Inspection Agency is responsible for providing
herders and citizens with advice, warnings, handouts, and inspections
of business entities and individuals who are selling raw materials of
animal origin. Within this framework, a team of doctors and
specialists from the Zoonoses Disease Research Center of Selenge aimag
(province) collected samples from animal products and raw materials
from 67 enterprises including food shops and sausage shops. The
Aimag's Professional Inspection Agency warns that the origin of animal
products must be certified [see comments].

communicated by:
<[email protected]>

[A different interpretation of the above information was published on
9 Aug 2018 by Xinhuanet News under the title "Mongolia reports two
cases of mad cow disease"
(<>). The
report says: "Two cases of mad cow disease were found in Mongolia,
local media reported on Thursday" [8 Aug 2018]. In view of the
significant public health hazard and international trade impact of
bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), the issue that, most probably,
reflects a translational error is to be addressed in some detail.

Allegedly citing the country's Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light
Industry and local media, the Xinhua report says, "The ministry found
the 2 cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy or mad cow disease in
Orkhon soum (administrative subdivision) in the northern Darkhan-Uul
Province on Monday [6 Aug 2018].

"Mad cow disease causes a degeneration of the brain and spinal cord in
cattle, which can be transmitted to humans through eating beef.

"With more than 66 million livestock animals, Mongolia aims to raise
meat exports tenfold in the coming years and to diversify its heavily
mining-dependent economy.

"But frequent outbreaks of livestock animal diseases such as mad cow
disease and the foot and mouth disease have taken a toll on its meat
exports. In mid May [2018], 15 cases of mad cow disease were reported
in the Must [Most] soum of Khovd aimag, in the west."

As informed by Mongolia's government agency, the recent 2 cases in
cattle were, in fact, caused by rabies, an endemic fatal zoonosis in
Mongolia; they were not cases of BSE ("mad cow disease"), a disease
hitherto not identified in Mongolia (and it is hoped never will be).

The 15 mentioned cases last May [2018] in the aimag Khovd were
probably rabies as well. In 2017, rabies was reported from 15 of
Mongolia's aimags, including Khovd. Of the total of 218 rabies cases
in animals reported by Mongolia for 2017, 72 were cattle. The other
rabid farm animals were 80 small ruminants (sheep and goats), 32
horses, and 5 camels. The disease was obviously recorded also in
vector animals: dogs (13) and fauna (16).

According to Mongolia's periodic reports to the OIE, rabies has not
been reported in recent years from the Darkhan-Uul aimag. It may be
assumed that its recent introduction into this region is behind the
special attention paid by the authorities to the described event in
cattle there.

It is foot and mouth disease, recently spreading westward in Mongolia,
not BSE, that may potentially adversely affect exports, unless it is
controlled soon.

The described effort by the Zoonoses Disease Research Center of
Selenge aimag to collect samples from animal products and raw
materials from 67 enterprises including food shops and sausage shops
is obviously commendable; its relation to the rabies event in northern
Darkhan-Uul aimag deserves to be explained. - Mod.AS

HealthMap/ProMED-mail map: Mongolia:

[See Also:

snip... ... ovine.html

kind regards, terry

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