July Cattle on Feed Report

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Cattle
on Feed

National Agricultural Statistics Service
USDA
Washington, D.C.


Released July 23, 2004, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
For information on Cattle on Feed call Mike Miller at (202) 720-3040,
office hours 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET.




U.S. Cattle on Feed Up 2 Percent

Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market in the United States for
feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.12 million head
on July 1, 2004. The inventory was 2 percent above July 1, 2003 but 4
percent below July 1, 2002. The inventory included 6.37 million steers
and steer calves, up 4 percent from the previous year. This group
accounted for 63 percent of the total inventory. Heifers and heifer
calves accounted for 3.70 million head, down 1 percent from 2003.

Placements in feedlots during June totaled 1.64 million, 2 percent below
2003 and down slightly from 2002. Net placements were 1.57 million.
During June, placements of cattle and calves weighing less than 600
pounds were 460,000, 600-699 pounds were 356,000, 700-799 pounds were
448,000, and 800 pounds and greater were 375,000.

Marketings of fed cattle during June totaled 2.08 million, 7 percent
below 2003 but up slightly from 2002.

Other disappearance totaled 70,000 during June, 15 percent above 2003 and
37 percent above 2002.



U.S. All Cattle on Feed Down Slightly

Cattle on feed July 1, 2004, from all feedlots in the United States,
totaled 11.8 million, down slightly from July 1, 2003 and 6 percent below July
1, 2002. Cattle on feed in feedlots with 1,000 or more head accounted
for 86 percent of the total cattle on feed on July 1, 2004, up from 84
percent on July 1, 2003.


Cattle on Feed: Number on Feed, Placements, Marketings, and
Other Disappearance, 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots,
United States, July 1, 2002-2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: Number : 2004 as % of
Item :--------------------------------------------
: 2002 : 2003 : 2004 : 2002 : 2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: ------ 1,000 Head ------ Percent
:
On Feed Jun 1 1/ : 10,990 10,539 *10,625 97 101
Placed on Feed During Jun : 1,644 1,672 1,639 100 98
Fed Cattle Marketed During Jun : 2,076 2,227 2,077 100 93
Other Disappearance During Jun 2/ : 51 61 70 137 115
On Feed Jul 1 1/ : 10,507 9,923 10,117 96 102
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*Revised.
1/ Cattle and calves on feed are animals for slaughter market being fed a
ration of grain or other concentrates and are expected to produce a carcass
that will grade select or better.
2/ Includes death loss, movement from feedlots to pasture, and shipments to
other feedlots for further feeding.




Cattle on Feed: Number on Feed, Placements, Marketings, and
Other Disappearance, 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots,
United States, June 1, 2002-2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: Number : 2004 as % of
Item :--------------------------------------------
: 2002 : 2003 : 2004 : 2002 : 2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: ------ 1,000 Head ------ Percent
:
On Feed May 1 1/ : 10,971 10,535 10,360 94 98
Placed on Feed During May : 2,267 2,307 *2,367 104 103
Fed Cattle Marketed During May : 2,171 2,238 *2,023 93 90
Other Disappearance During May 2/ : 77 65 79 103 122
On Feed Jun 1 1/ : 10,990 10,539 *10,625 97 101
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*Revised.
1/ Cattle and calves on feed are animals for slaughter market being fed a
ration of grain or other concentrates and are expected to produce a carcass
that will grade select or better.
2/ Includes death loss, movement from feedlots to pasture, and shipments to
other feedlots for further feeding.




Cattle on Feed: Number on Feed by Class, 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots,
United States, July 1, 2002-2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: Number : 2004 as % of
Item :--------------------------------------------
: 2002 : 2003 : 2004 : 2002 : 2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: ------ 1,000 Head ----- Percent
:
Class on Feed Jul 1 :
Steers and Steer Calves : 6,467 6,111 6,370 99 104
Heifers and Heifer Calves : 3,977 3,751 3,695 93 99
Cows and Bulls : 63 61 52 83 85
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Cattle on Feed: Number on Feed, 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots,
by Month, State, and United States 2003-2004 1/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: : : Jul 1, 2004
: : :------------------------------------------
State : Jul 1, 2003 : Jun 1, 2004 : : as % of : as % of
: : : Number : 2003 : Jun
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: ------------ 1,000 Head ------------ ---- Percent ----
:
AZ : 266 294 295 111 100
CA : 490 520 520 106 100
CO : 890 1,010 940 106 93
ID : 255 255 240 94 94
IA : 310 400 390 126 98
KS : 2,160 2,250 2,090 97 93
NE : 1,690 2,010 1,850 109 92
NM : 115 *118 124 108 105
OK : 350 330 315 90 95
SD : 167 188 173 104 92
TX : 2,820 2,810 2,760 98 98
WA : 160 155 150 94 97
:
Oth Sts: 250 *285 270 108 95
:
US : 9,923 *10,625 10,117 102 95
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*Revised.
1/ Cattle and calves on feed are animals for slaughter market being fed a
ration of grain or other concentrates and are expected to produce a carcass
that will grade select or better.




Cattle on Feed: Number Placed on Feed, 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots,
by Month, State, and United States 2003-2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: : : During Jun 2004
: During : During :------------------------------------------
State : Jun 2003 : May 2004 : : as % of : as % of
: : : Number : 2003 : May
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: ------------ 1,000 Head ----------- ---- Percent ----
:
AZ : 34 29 31 91 107
CA : 73 91 69 95 76
CO : 125 *270 140 112 52
ID : 63 74 47 75 64
IA : 34 50 50 147 100
KS : 415 495 400 96 81
NE : 270 390 285 106 73
NM : 21 *27 26 124 96
OK : 52 92 52 100 57
SD : 27 28 20 74 71
TX : 470 740 455 97 61
WA : 39 35 34 87 97
:
Oth Sts: 49 46 30 61 65
:
US : 1,672 *2,367 1,639 98 69
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*Revised.




Cattle on Feed: Number Placed on Feed by Weight Group, 1,000+ Capacity
Feedlots, by Month, State, and United States, 2003-2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: During June
:---------------------------------------------------------------------
State : Under 600 : 600-699 : 700-799 : 800 Plus : Total
:---------------------------------------------------------------------
: 2003 : 2004 : 2003 : 2004 : 2003 : 2004 : 2003 : 2004 : 2003 : 2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: 1,000 Head
:
CO : 24 30 36 40 35 40 30 30 125 140
KS : 80 95 95 100 135 120 105 85 415 400
NE : 33 55 50 47 75 73 112 110 270 285
TX : 120 150 120 115 145 140 85 50 470 455
:
Oth Sts : 115 130 57 54 90 75 130 100 392 359
:
US : 372 460 358 356 480 448 462 375 1,672 1,639

:---------------------------------------------------------------------
: During May
:---------------------------------------------------------------------
: Under 600 : 600-699 : 700-799 : 800 Plus : Total
:---------------------------------------------------------------------
: 2003 : 2004 : 2003 : 2004 : 2003 : 2004 : 2003 : 2004 : 2003 : 2004
:---------------------------------------------------------------------
: 1,000 Head
:
CO : 25 46 32 *73 78 103 70 48 205 *270
KS : 60 65 85 95 205 195 200 140 550 495
NE : 38 54 43 60 131 134 148 142 360 390
TX : 150 190 150 185 225 225 205 140 730 740
:
Oth Sts : 135 140 57 *77 110 115 160 140 462 *472
:
US : 408 495 367 *490 749 772 783 610 2,307 *2,367
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*Revised.




Cattle on Feed: Number Marketed, 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots,
by Month, State, and United States 2003-2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: : : During Jun 2004
: During : During :------------------------------------------
State : Jun 2003 : May 2004 : : as % of : as % of
: : : Number : 2003 : May
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: ------------ 1,000 Head ----------- ---- Percent ----
:
AZ : 32 28 28 88 100
CA : 63 63 62 98 98
CO : 220 *185 200 91 108
ID : 67 67 60 90 90
IA : 68 63 59 87 94
KS : 510 465 540 106 116
NE : 500 470 435 87 93
NM : 13 12 19 146 158
OK : 59 70 64 108 91
SD : 55 37 34 62 92
TX : 520 480 495 95 103
WA : 38 39 38 100 97
:
Oth Sts: 82 *44 43 52 98
:
US : 2,227 *2,023 2,077 93 103
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*Revised.




Cattle on Feed: Other Disappearance, 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots,
by Month, State, and United States 2003-2004 1/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: : : During Jun 2004
: During : During :------------------------------------------
State : Jun 2003 : May 2004 : : as % of : as % of
: : : Number : 2003 : May
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: ---------- 1,000 Head ---------- ---- Percent ----
:
AZ : 2 2 2 100 100
CA : 5 8 7 140 88
CO : 5 15 10 200 67
ID : 1 2 2 200 100
IA : 1 2 1 100 50
KS : 15 20 20 133 100
NE : 10 10 10 100 100
NM : 3 2 1 33 50
OK : 3 2 3 100 150
SD : 3 3 1 33 33
TX : 10 10 10 100 100
WA : 1 1 1 100 100
:
Oth Sts: 2 2 2 100 100
:
US : 61 79 70 115 89
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes death loss, movement from feedlots to pasture, and shipments to
other feedlots for further feeding.




Cattle on Feed: Number on Feed by Class, 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots,
by Quarter, State, and United States, 2003-2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: Steers & Steer Calves :Heifers & Heifer Calves: Cows and Bulls
:-----------------------------------------------------------------------
State :Jul 1, :Apr 1, :Jul 1, :Jul 1, :Apr 1, :Jul 1, :Jul 1, :Apr 1, :Jul 1,
: 2003 : 2004 : 2004 : 2003 : 2004 : 2004 : 2003 : 2004 : 2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: 1,000 Head
:
AZ : 262 289 292 4 4 3 0 0 0
CA : 450 465 480 40 30 40 0 0 0
CO : 510 575 560 375 390 375 5 5 5
ID : 166 160 150 88 95 90 1 0 0
IA : 200 260 260 109 154 129 1 1 1
KS : 1,150 1,230 1,130 995 1,110 950 15 20 10
NE : 950 1,300 1,100 725 890 740 15 20 10
NM : 58 49 60 57 56 64 0 0 0
OK : 220 200 205 129 129 109 1 1 1
SD : 80 112 88 71 81 68 16 12 17
TX : 1,770 1,670 1,750 1,048 967 1,008 2 3 2
WA : 100 105 90 60 65 59 0 0 1
:
Oth Sts : 195 205 205 50 90 60 5 5 5
:
US : 6,111 6,620 6,370 3,751 4,061 3,695 61 67 52
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Cattle on Feed: Total Number on Feed, United States,
July 1, 2002-2004 1/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: : : July 1, 2004
: : :-----------------------------------------
State : Jul 1, 2002 : Jul 1, 2003 : : as % of : as % of
: : : Number : 2002 : 2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: ----------- 1,000 Head ----------- ---- Percent ----
:
US : 12,500 11,810 11,800 94 100
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Cattle and calves on feed are animals for slaughter market being fed a
ration of grain or other concentrates and are expected to produce a carcass
that will grade select or better.




Terms and Definitions of Cattle on Feed Estimates

Cattle on feed are animals being fed a ration of grain, silage, hay
and/or protein supplement for slaughter market that are expected to
produce a carcass that will grade select or better. It excludes cattle
being "backgrounded only" for later sale as feeders or later placement in
another feedlot.

Placements are cattle put into a feedlot, fed a ration which will produce
a carcass that will grade select or better, and are intended for the
slaughter market.

Marketings are cattle shipped out of feedlots to a slaughter market.

Other disappearance includes death loss, movement from feedlots to
pasture, and shipments to other feedlots for further feeding.

Reliability of Cattle on Feed Estimates

Survey Procedures: During January and July all known feedlots in the
U.S. with capacity of 1,000 or more head are surveyed to provide data for
cattle on feed estimates. During the other months, all known feedlots
from 17 States are surveyed. The 17 States account for 98 percent of the
cattle on feed in feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head.

Estimating Procedures: These cattle on feed estimates were prepared by
the Agricultural Statistics Board after reviewing recommendations and
analysis submitted by each State office. Regional and State survey data
were reviewed for reasonableness with each other and with estimates from
the previous month when setting the current estimates.

Revision Policy: Revisions to previous estimates are made to improve
month to month relationships. Estimates for the previous month are
subject to revision in all States each month when current estimates are
made. In February, all monthly estimates for the previous year, and the
number of feedlots and annual marketings from two years ago are reviewed
and subject to revisions. The reviews are primarily based on slaughter
data, state check-off or brand data, and any other data that may have
been received after the original estimate was made. Estimates will also
be reviewed after data from the Census of Agriculture are available. No
revisions will be made after that date and estimates become final.

Reliability: Since all 1000+ capacity cattle on feed operators in every
State are not included in the monthly survey, survey estimates are
subject to sampling variability. Survey results are also subject to
non-sampling errors such as omissions, duplications, and mistakes in
reporting, recording, and processing the data. The effects of these
errors cannot be measured directly. They are minimized through rigid
quality controls in the data collection process and through a careful
review of all reported data for consistency and reasonableness.
 

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