July 1st Cattle Inventory Report

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Cattle


National Agricultural Statistics Service
USDA
Washington, D.C.


Released July 23, 2004, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
For information on Cattle call Mike Miller at 202-720-3040, office hours
7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET.




July 1 Cattle Inventory Down Slightly


All cattle and calves in the United States as of July 1, 2004, totaled
103.6 million head, down slightly from the 103.9 million on July 1, 2003
and 1 percent below the 105.1 million two years ago.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 42.5 million, were slightly
below the 42.7 million on July 1, 2003 and 1 percent below the 42.9
million two years ago.

Beef cows, at 33.5 million, were down slightly from July 1, 2003 and
1 percent below two years ago.

Milk cows, at 9.0 million, were down 1 percent from July 1, 2003 and
down 2 percent from two years ago.

Other class estimates on July 1, 2004 and the changes from July 1, 2003,
are as follows:

All heifers 500 pounds and over, 15.95 million, up slightly.

Beef replacement heifers, 4.8 million, up 4 percent.

Milk replacement heifers, 3.6 million, unchanged.

Other heifers, 7.55 million, down 2 percent.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 14.2 million, unchanged.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.05 million, down 2 percent.

Calves under 500 pounds, 28.9 million, down slightly.

All cattle and calves on feed for slaughter, 11.8 million, down
slightly.


Calf Crop Down 1 Percent

The 2004 calf crop is expected to be 37.7 million, down 1 percent from
both 2003 and 2002. Calves born during the first half of the year are
estimated at 27.5 million, down 1 percent from both 2003 and 2002.




This report was approved on July 23, 2004.


Acting Secretary of
Agriculture
Joseph J. Jen


Agricultural Statistics Board
Acting Chairperson
Steven D. Wiyatt



Cattle and Calves: Number by Class and Calf Crop,
United States, July 1, 2002-2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: : : : 2004 as
Class : 2002 : 2003 : 2004 : % of 2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: -------- 1,000 Head ------- Percent
:
Cattle and Calves : 105,100 103,900 103,600 100
:
Cows and Heifers That Have Calved : 42,900 42,700 42,500 100
Beef Cows : 33,750 33,600 33,500 100
Milk Cows : 9,150 9,100 9,000 99
:
Heifers 500 Pounds and Over : 16,200 15,900 15,950 100
For Beef Cow Replacement : 4,600 4,600 4,800 104
For Milk Cow Replacement : 3,700 3,600 3,600 100
Other Heifers : 7,900 7,700 7,550 98
:
Steers 500 Pounds and Over : 14,500 14,200 14,200 100
Bulls 500 Pounds and Over : 2,100 2,100 2,050 98
Calves Under 500 Pounds : 29,400 29,000 28,900 100
:
Calf Crop : 38,224 37,903 37,700 99
:
Cattle on Feed : 12,500 11,810 11,800 100
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Calf Crop: Number and Percent of Total by Six-Month Period,
United States, 2002-2003 and Preliminary Calf Crop, 2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: 2002 : 2003 : 2004
:-----------------------------------------------------------
Period : : % of : : % of : : % of
: Number : Total : Number : Total : Number : Total
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: 1,000 Hd Percent 1,000 Hd Percent 1,000 Hd Percent
:
Jan 1 - Jun 30 : 27,900 73.0 27,700 73.1 27,500 72.9
Jul 1 - Dec 31 : 10,324 27.0 10,203 26.9 10,200 27.1
:
Total : 38,224 100.0 37,903 100.0 37,700 100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Cattle and Calves: Balance Sheet, United States,
January 1 - June 30, 2002-2004 1/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: : :
Item : 2002 : 2003 : 2004
: : :
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: Million Head
:
January 1 Inventory : 96.7 96.1 94.9
Calf Crop and Imports : 29.1 28.7 28.1
:
Total Supply 2/ : 125.8 124.8 123.0
:
Slaughter : 18.1 18.4 16.9
Deaths and Exports : 2.5 2.4 2.4
:
Total Disappearance 2/ : 20.7 20.9 19.3
:
Residual 2/ : 0.0 -0.1 -0.1
:
July 1 Inventory : 105.1 103.9 103.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Preliminary.
2/ Totals may not add due to rounding.




Cattle and Calves: Number by Class, State, and United States,
July 1, 2003-2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: All Cattle and Calves : All Cows That Have Calved
:-----------------------------------------------------------------------
State : : : 2004 as : : : 2004 as
: 2003 : 2004 : % of 2003 : 2003 : 2004 : % of 2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: ---- 1,000 Head --- Percent --- 1,000 Head --- Percent
:
CA : 5,150 5,150 100 2,390 2,420 101
CO : 2,750 2,550 93 810 720 89
IA : 3,900 4,000 103 1,240 1,230 99
KS : 6,600 6,600 100 1,670 1,730 104
MO : 4,600 4,850 105 2,150 2,300 107
MT : 3,400 3,350 99 1,500 1,480 99
NE : 6,600 7,000 106 1,950 2,040 105
OK : 5,600 5,700 102 2,100 2,150 102
SD : 4,850 4,850 100 1,980 1,950 98
TX : 15,500 15,100 97 6,200 6,100 98
WI : 3,600 3,550 99 1,510 1,500 99
:
Oth Sts : 41,350 40,900 99 19,200 18,880 98
:
US : 103,900 103,600 100 42,700 42,500 100
:-----------------------------------------------------------------------
: Beef Cows That Have Calved : Milk Cows That Have Calved
:-----------------------------------------------------------------------
: --- 1,000 Head --- Percent --- 1,000 Head -- Percent
CA : 700 695 99 1,690 1,725 102
CO : 710 616 87 100 104 104
IA : 1,040 1,037 100 200 193 97
KS : 1,560 1,616 104 110 114 104
MO : 2,020 2,176 108 130 124 95
MT : 1,482 1,462 99 18 18 100
NE : 1,886 1,980 105 64 60 94
OK : 2,019 2,072 103 81 78 96
SD : 1,898 1,870 99 82 80 98
TX : 5,880 5,780 98 320 320 100
WI : 255 260 102 1,255 1,240 99
:
Oth Sts : 14,150 13,936 98 5,050 4,944 98
:
US : 33,600 33,500 100 9,100 9,000 99
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Calf Crop: Number by State and United States, 2003-2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: : : 2004 as
State : 2003 : 2004 1/ : % 2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: ---------- 1,000 Head --------- Percent
:
CA : 2,050 2,070 101
CO : 730 660 90
IA : 1,120 1,110 99
KS : 1,550 1,610 104
MO : 2,080 2,210 106
MT : 1,540 1,520 99
NE : 1,770 1,780 101
OK : 1,890 2,010 106
SD : 1,730 1,710 99
TX : 5,100 5,200 102
WI : 1,350 1,340 99
:
Oth Sts : 16,993 16,480 97
:
US : 37,903 37,700 99
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Preliminary.




Reliability of July 1 Cattle and Calves Estimates

Survey Procedures: A random sample of U.S. producers was surveyed to
provide data for these estimates. Survey procedures ensured that all
cattle producers, regardless of size, had a chance to be included in the
survey. Data were collected during the first half of June from about
40,000 small and medium sized operations. These operators were contacted
by face-to-face personal interviews. About 10,000 large producers and
feedlots were contacted during the first half of July by mail, telephone,
and face-to-face personal interviews. Operators were asked to report
inventories as of the first of the month and calf crop for the entire
year of 2004
 

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