Importation of Sheep, Goats, and Certain Other Ruminants AGENCY: Animal APHIA, USDA, FINAL RULE [Docket No. APHIS–2009–0095] RIN 0579–AD10

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WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2021

Importation of Sheep, Goats, and Certain Other Ruminants AGENCY: Animal APHIA, USDA, FINAL RULE [Docket No. APHIS–2009–0095] RIN 0579–AD10

Importation of Sheep, Goats, and Certain Other Ruminants AGENCY: Animal APHIA, USDA, FINAL RULE [Docket No. APHIS–2009–0095] RIN 0579–AD10 wtf are they thinking?

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

9 CFR Parts 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, and 98

[Docket No. APHIS–2009–0095] RIN 0579–AD10

Importation of Sheep, Goats, and Certain Other Ruminants AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Department of Agriculture (USDA).

ACTION: Final rule.

SUMMARY: We are amending the regulations governing the importation of animals and animal products to revise conditions for the importation of live sheep, goats, and certain other nonbovine ruminants, and products derived from sheep and goats, with regard to transmissible spongiform encephalopathies such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and scrapie. We are removing BSE-related import restrictions on sheep and goats and most of their products, and adding import restrictions related to transmissible spongiform encephalopathies for certain wild, zoological, or other non-bovine ruminant species. The conditions we are adopting for the importation of specified commodities are based on internationally accepted scientific literature and will generally align our regulations with guidelines established in the World Organization for Animal Health's Terrestrial Animal Health Code.

DATES: Effective January 3, 2022.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Alexandra MacKenzie, Veterinary Medical Officer, Strategy & Policy, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 39, Riverdale, MD 20737–1231; (301) 851– 3300, option 2.

https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2021-12-03/pdf/2021-26302.pdf

WTF WERE THEY THINKING $$$

Annual Report of the Scientific Network on BSE‐TSE 2021 Published: 19 November 2021

Full data set was submitted by UK (non-EU country from 1 February 2020), therefore totals were presented as EU27 plus UK to allow comparison with previous years.

In total, 1,222,671 cattle were tested by EU27 plus UK, showing a 2.4% decrease from 2019.

Four atypical BSE cases were reported in 2020 in the EU:

3 H-type reported by France, Ireland and Spain and

1 L-type reported by France. Switzerland reported also 1 L-BSE case.

Over the year, a total of 332,513 sheep and 120,615 goats were tested in the EU27 plus UK, a decrease of 1.7% and 16% respectively, compared with 2019.

In sheep, 688 cases of scrapie were reported by 16 MS plus

UK: 589 classical, 98 atypical, 1 CH1641-like. 12 additional inconclusive cases were reported by Italy.

In addition, Iceland reported 53 classical scrapie (CS) cases and Norway 12 AS cases.

Random genotyping was reported by nine MS and, after excluding Cyprus, showed that 8.8% of the genotyped sheep carried genotypes of the susceptible groups.

In goats, 328 cases of scrapie were reported by 9 MS plus UK: 319 classical and 9 atypical.

12 MS plus UK reported 9,171 tested cervids, of which more than 75% reported by the six MS (Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Sweden) implementing mandatory surveillance for CWD.

Two cases of CWD in moose were reported in 2020 in EU: one by Finland and one by Sweden. In addition, Norway reported two CWD cases: in moose and in reindeer.

https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.2903/sp.efsa.2021.EN-6949

WTF were they thinking...

Isolation of Prion with BSE Properties from Farmed Goat

John Spiropoulos, Richard Lockey, Rosemary E. Sallis, Linda A. Terry, Leigh Thorne, Thomas M. Holder, Katy E. Beck, and Marion M. Simmons

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are fatal neurodegenerative diseases that include variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans, scrapie in small ruminants, and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle. Scrapie is not considered a public health risk, but BSE has been linked to variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Small ruminants are susceptible to BSE, and in 2005 BSE was identified in a farmed goat in France. We confirm another BSE case in a goat in which scrapie was originally diagnosed and retrospectively identified as suspected BSE. The prion strain in this case was further characterized by mouse bioassay after extraction from formaldehyde-fixed brain tissue embedded in paraffin blocks. Our data show that BSE can infect small ruminants under natural conditions and could be misdiagnosed as scrapie. Surveillance should continue so that another outbreak of this zoonotic transmissible spongiform encephalopathy can be prevented and public health safeguarded.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3311188/pdf/11-0333_finalR.pdf

***> Our data show that BSE can infect small ruminants under natural conditions and could be misdiagnosed as scrapie

wtf were they thinking...

OIE ATYPICAL SCRAPIE AND ATYPICAL BSE

***> AS is considered more likely (subjective probability range 50–66%) that AS is a non-contagious, rather than a contagious, disease.

ATYPICAL SCRAPIE ROUGHLY HAS 50 50 CHANCE ATYPICAL SCRAPIE IS CONTAGIOUS, AS NON-CONTAGIOUS, TAKE YOUR PICK, BUT I SAID IT LONG AGO WHEN USDA OIE ET AL MADE ATYPICAL SCRAPIE A LEGAL TRADING COMODITY, I SAID YOUR PUTTING THE CART BEFORE THE HORSE, AND THAT'S EXACTLY WHAT THEY DID, and it's called in Texas, TEXAS TSE PRION HOLDEM POKER, WHO'S ALL IN $$$

THURSDAY, JULY 8, 2021

EFSA Scientific report on the analysis of the 2‐year compulsory intensified monitoring of atypical scrapie

https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.2903/j.efsa.2021.6686

https://efsaopinionbseanimalprotein.blogspot.com/2021/07/efsa-scientific-report-on-analysis-of.html

***> Our data show that BSE can infect small ruminants under natural conditions and could be misdiagnosed as scrapie

wtf were they thinking...

FIRST, LET'S LOOK AT WHAT THE OIE SAYS ABOUT ATYPICAL BSE NOW;

snip...see full text;

WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2021

Importation of Sheep, Goats, and Certain Other Ruminants AGENCY: Animal APHIA, USDA, FINAL RULE [Docket No. APHIS–2009–0095] RIN 0579–AD10

https://animalhealthreportpriontse.blogspot.com/2021/12/importation-of-sheep-goats-and-certain.html

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